The Essentials of Oils – The Basics

What is Hydraulic Fracturing?

If you analyze the world economy, it’s easy to see the significant increase in oil prices for the past decades. The spike in prices is enough to trigger economic recession not just in the US but also, across the world. Just a minor disruption of oil supply abroad can increase the oil prices. The US is one of the countries that are greatly affected by this which is why they started looking for ways on how to diversify their energy sources by purchasing crude oil from other countries while also advancing their local sources of coal, natural gas and oil. The stress related to oil scarcity contributed to the promotion of using natural gas.

Extracting natural gas from shale needs the use of advanced technology similar to hydraulic fracturing. This means using several vacuum trucks to help in the removal, storage as well as transportation of both nonhazardous and hazardous waste material. Following is a short information about how natural gas is extracted.

Most of the oil wells located in the US are using hydraulic fracturing in extracting big quantities of natural gas, which is a process involving the introduction of billions of gallons of water, sand, propellants and proprietary chemicals. These substances are then injected by making use of high pressure to be able to stimulate and to crack the shale which will eventually open fissures that will allow natural gas to flow to the surface.

Well stimulation takes place right after when the boring process is done. The perforated steel pipes are then inserted to the drilled rig at the target zones. When the pipes are in position, the sand, propellants and water will be injected next. After the stimulation process stops, the created pressure will use this process to cause cracks to shale that will make the fluid and the gas to flow back. The back flow of the fluids goes into the designated tanks which are transported to the right treatment facility for disposal.

Actually, hydraulic fracturing is an innovative technique used in the US as a way to extract billions of oil barrels and trillions of cubic feet of natural gas. There are multiple states in the US that actually have abundant natural gas and this requires well stimulation practice and proper transportation system to take care of waste disposal, water hauling for drilling and cleanups of spills.

Hydraulic fracturing could best performed by making use of vacuum trucks for its safe transportation and removal of fluids going to authorized facilities. This is the same reason why only experienced individuals are entrusted with the operation of hydraulic fracturing.

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