5 Popular Computer Network Design Topologies
Topologies similar to bus, star, ring and the likes are very important to be understood when it comes to computer network design. Designing computer network needs to meet certain rules and these set of rules are referred to as topology. These days, Ethernet is the most widely used topology put in use which consists of peripheral cables and computers together in specific ways. It’s because of the reason that Ethernet is relatively affordable, easy to set up and use and also, fast. As a matter of fact, there are two different types of Ethernet and these are the fast and standard Ethernet.
Other topologies that you have to be aware of which can also be useful in creating a complex network are discussed in the next lines.
Number 1. Bus topology – basically, this type of topology is using backbone when connecting a device. For this reason, the backbone has got cable that serve as shared communication medium to which to her devices may be connected on. Not many is needed when it comes to the cable and the best thing about this is that they’re easy to install. They got the best performance especially when you are working with limited devices.
Number 2. Ring topology – in this form of computer network design, there are going to be two neighbors for every device with regards to communication. It’s for this that every data travels in the same direction whether it is counterclockwise or clockwise. Say that any of these have failed, it’ll cause the whole network to stall and fail afterwards.
When you are using ring network, every device exactly has two neighbors for communication purposes. All the messages are travelling through a ring in same direction. Failure in any device or cable will then break the loop and will take down the whole network.
Number 3. Star topology – for this topology, you will likely find this in residential properties. It is featuring a connection point like a hub switch or router and the devices are normally using UTP Ethernet to connect.
Number 4. Tree topology – for this kind of computer network design, it consist of various start topologies that are intersected onto a bus. This provides excellent expandability of network and it’s way better compared to a bus or star.
Number 5. Mesh topology – such computer network design is using routes concept. Messages are sent in this kind of topology are given on different paths to travel before it reach its destination. Whether you believe it or not, the internet is a very popular example of mesh routing.